Agrostis stolonifera

Tracheophyta MagnoliopsidaPoaceaeAgrostisAgrostis stolonifera


A stoloniferous perennial herb, found in many habitats on heavy and light, moist and dry soils. It occurs in permanent grassland (including inundation and brackish communities), in upper saltmarsh and dune-slacks, on sand dunes and sandy flats, on cliffs and in mires, springs, flushes and ditches. It also grows on spoil heaps and a wide range of open and disturbed habitats, and is a weed in arable sites. 0-945 m (Ben Lawers, Mid Perth).



World Distribution

Circumpolar Wide-temperate element; widely naturalised outside its native range.

© P. Shannon

Broad Habitats

Light (Ellenberg): 7

Moisture (Ellenberg): 6

Reaction (Ellenberg): 7

Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 6


Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 1

January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 3.6

July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 14.5

Annual Precipitation (mm): 1101

Life form information

Height (cm): 45

Perennation - primary


Life Form - primary




Clonality - primary

Far-creeping by stolons in illuminated medium

Distribution information

Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 2776

Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 977

Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 14

Atlas Change Index: 3.66

Weighted Changed Factor: 71

Weighted Change Factor Confidence (90%)


Distribution information

JNCC Designations


PLANTATT - Attributes of British and Irish plants. (.zip 1455KB) This dataset was compiled and published in 2004, and last updated in November 2008. Download includes an Excel spreadsheet of the attributes, and a PDF explaining the background and nomenclature. Note that the PDF version is the booklet as published, whereas the Excel spreadsheet incorporates subsequent corrections. A hardcopy can be purchased from the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology.

Atlas text references

Atlas (398c)
Grime JP, Hodgson JG, Hunt R
1988.  Comparative Plant Ecology.
Hultén E, Fries M
1986.  Atlas of north European vascular plants north of the Tropic of Cancer. 3 vols.