Allium carinatum

Tracheophyta MagnoliopsidaLiliaceaeAlliumAllium carinatum


A bulbous perennial herb which becomes naturalised by seed (var. pulchellum) or, perhaps more frequently, by bulbils (var. carinatum) in churchyards, rough and waste ground and on roadsides. Lowland.



World Distribution

Native of C. & S.E. Europe; naturalised north and west of its native range.

Broad Habitats

Light (Ellenberg): 8

Moisture (Ellenberg): 4

Reaction (Ellenberg): 7

Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 2


Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0

January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 3.5

July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 14.9

Annual Precipitation (mm): 920

Life form information

Height (cm): 60

Perennation - primary


Life Form - primary

Bulbous geophyte



Clonality - primary

Tuberous or bulbous, slowing cloning by offsets

Clonality - secondary

Detaching ramets on inflorescence

Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 138

Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 16

Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 0

Atlas Change Index: 0.64

Distribution information

JNCC Designations


PLANTATT - Attributes of British and Irish plants. (.zip 1455KB) This dataset was compiled and published in 2004, and last updated in November 2008. Download includes an Excel spreadsheet of the attributes, and a PDF explaining the background and nomenclature. Note that the PDF version is the booklet as published, whereas the Excel spreadsheet incorporates subsequent corrections. A hardcopy can be purchased from the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology.

Atlas text references

Atlas (326b)
Hultén E, Fries M
1986.  Atlas of north European vascular plants north of the Tropic of Cancer. 3 vols.
Meusel H, Jäger E, Weinert E
1965.  Vergleichende Chorologie der zentraleuropäischen Flora. Volume 1. 2 vols.
Oswald P [H ]
1993.  Native and naturalised garlics in the Cambridge University Botanic Garden. Nature in Cambridgeshire. 35:67-75.