Alopecurus pratensis

Tracheophyta MagnoliopsidaPoaceaeAlopecurusAlopecurus pratensis

Ecology

A tufted perennial herb of a wide range of grasslands, particularly those with moist, fertile soils. It also occurs on roadsides and woodland margins. It avoids waterlogged habitats, and is absent from light and dry soils, including arable fields. Generally lowland, but reaching 610 m on Ettrick Pen (Dumfriess.), and exceptionally at 845 m on Great Dun Fell (Westmorland).

Status

Native

World Distribution

Eurosiberian Boreo-temperate element, but widely naturalised so that distribution is now Circumpolar Boreo-temperate.

© S. Hammonds

Broad Habitats

Neutral grassland (includes coarse Arrhenatherum grassland)

Light (Ellenberg): 7

Moisture (Ellenberg): 5

Reaction (Ellenberg): 6

Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 7

0

Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0

January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 3.5

July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 14.7

Annual Precipitation (mm): 1032

Life form information

Height (cm): 105

Perennation - primary

Perennial

Life Form - primary

Hemicryptophyte

Woodiness

Herbaceous

Clonality - primary

Tussock-forming graminoid, may slowly spread

Distribution information

Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 2424

Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 738

Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 8

Atlas Change Index: 0.09

Weighted Changed Factor: -2

Weighted Change Factor Confidence (90%)

19

Distribution information

JNCC Designations

NBNSYS0000002656

PLANTATT - Attributes of British and Irish plants. (.zip 1455KB) This dataset was compiled and published in 2004, and last updated in November 2008. Download includes an Excel spreadsheet of the attributes, and a PDF explaining the background and nomenclature. Note that the PDF version is the booklet as published, whereas the Excel spreadsheet incorporates subsequent corrections. A hardcopy can be purchased from the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology.

Atlas text references

Atlas (401d)
Grime JP, Hodgson JG, Hunt R
1988.  Comparative Plant Ecology.
Hultén E, Fries M
1986.  Atlas of north European vascular plants north of the Tropic of Cancer. 3 vols.
Meusel H, Jäger E, Weinert E
1965.  Vergleichende Chorologie der zentraleuropäischen Flora. Volume 1. 2 vols.