A winter-annual or, occasionally, a short-lived perennial. A. arvensis is common in open habitats as an arable or garden weed, and also grows around rabbit warrens and in rocky and bare sites including coastal cliffs, chalk downland, heaths and sand dunes. 0-320 m (Co. Dublin).
A. arvensis was mapped as `all records` in the 1962 Atlas. There have been losses in the north of its range, but it is difficult to say when they occurred. The native subsp. arvensis occurs throughout the range of the species. Subsp. foemina is mapped separately.
Eurosiberian Southern-temperate element, but widely naturalised so that distribution is now Circumpolar Southern-temperate.
Light (Ellenberg): 7
Moisture (Ellenberg): 4
Reaction (Ellenberg): 6
Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 5
Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0
January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 4
July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 15.2
Annual Precipitation (mm): 962
PLANTATT - Attributes of British and Irish plants. (.zip 1455KB) This dataset was compiled and published in 2004, and last updated in November 2008. Download includes an Excel spreadsheet of the attributes, and a PDF explaining the background and nomenclature. Note that the PDF version is the booklet as published, whereas the Excel spreadsheet incorporates subsequent corrections. A hardcopy can be purchased from the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology.
Atlas text references
Atlas Supp (47a
Comparative Plant Ecology,
, London, (1988)
Atlas of north European vascular plants north of the Tropic of Cancer. 3 vols,
, Königstein, (1986)
Vergleichende Chorologie der zentraleuropäischen Flora. Volume 2. 2 vols,
, Jena, (1978)