Anemone nemorosa

Tracheophyta MagnoliopsidaRanunculaceaeAnemoneAnemone nemorosa


A rhizomatous perennial, found in woodland, on streamsides, under Pteridium, on hedge banks, in heathy grassland, on open moorland, in scree and on limestone pavement. It has a wide pH tolerance, but in woodlands it is most abundant where the vigour of more competitive species is reduced by acidity, waterlogging or regular coppicing. 0-1190 m (Ben Lawers, Mid Perth).



World Distribution

Eurosiberian Temperate element.

© P. Shannon

Broad Habitats

Light (Ellenberg): 5

Moisture (Ellenberg): 6

Reaction (Ellenberg): 5

Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 4


Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0

January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 3.3

July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 14.5

Annual Precipitation (mm): 1113

Life form information

Height (cm): 23

Perennation - primary


Life Form - primary

Non-bulbous geophyte (rhizome, corm or tuber)



Clonality - primary

Rhizome shortly creeping

Distribution information

Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 2305

Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 541

Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 3

Atlas Change Index: -0.7

Weighted Changed Factor: -19

Weighted Change Factor Confidence (90%)


Distribution information

JNCC Designations


PLANTATT - Attributes of British and Irish plants. (.zip 1455KB) This dataset was compiled and published in 2004, and last updated in November 2008. Download includes an Excel spreadsheet of the attributes, and a PDF explaining the background and nomenclature. Note that the PDF version is the booklet as published, whereas the Excel spreadsheet incorporates subsequent corrections. A hardcopy can be purchased from the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology.

Atlas text references

Atlas (19b)
Grime JP, Hodgson JG, Hunt R
1988.  Comparative Plant Ecology.
Hultén E, Fries M
1986.  Atlas of north European vascular plants north of the Tropic of Cancer. 3 vols.
Jalas & Suominen (1989)
Meusel H, Jäger E, Weinert E
1965.  Vergleichende Chorologie der zentraleuropäischen Flora. Volume 1. 2 vols.
Rackham O
1980.  Ancient woodland: its history, vegetation and uses in England.
Shirreffs DA
1985.  Biological Flora of the British Isles. No. 158. Anemone nemorosa L. Journal of Ecology. 73:1005-1020.