Armeria maritima

Tracheophyta MagnoliopsidaPlumbaginaceaeArmeriaArmeria maritima


A perennial herb of sea-cliffs, stone walls, stabilised shingle and saltmarshes. Inland, it grows on montane rock ledges, stony flushes and windswept moss-heaths, around old lead workings and other metalliferous mine wastes, and on riverside shingle. It also occurs inland beside salt-treated roads and as a garden escape. 0-1270 m (Ben Nevis, Westerness).



World Distribution

Circumpolar Wide-boreal element.

© P. Shannon

Broad Habitats

Light (Ellenberg): 8

Moisture (Ellenberg): 7

Reaction (Ellenberg): 5

Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 5


Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 3

January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 3.9

July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 14.1

Annual Precipitation (mm): 1265

Life form information

Height (cm): 15

Perennation - primary


Life Form - primary


Comment on Life Form

basically a chamaephyte; it does not die back or attempt to hide



Clonality - primary

Little or no vegetative spread

Distribution information

Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 1137

Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 319

Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 14

Atlas Change Index: -0.14

Weighted Changed Factor: -9

Weighted Change Factor Confidence (90%)


Distribution information

JNCC Designations


PLANTATT - Attributes of British and Irish plants. (.zip 1455KB) This dataset was compiled and published in 2004, and last updated in November 2008. Download includes an Excel spreadsheet of the attributes, and a PDF explaining the background and nomenclature. Note that the PDF version is the booklet as published, whereas the Excel spreadsheet incorporates subsequent corrections. A hardcopy can be purchased from the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology.

Atlas text references