Bartsia alpina

Tracheophyta MagnoliopsidaScrophulariaceaeBartsiaBartsia alpina


A shortly rhizomatous perennial of base-rich soils. In England it is a plant of the drier hummocks in basic flushes and runnels in damp upland pastures, and of steep, flushed, species-rich banks. In the Breadalbanes (Mid Perth) it grows on the periodically inundated ledges of mica-schist crags. Seed-set is poor. From 245 m at Orton (Westmorland) to 950 m on Beinn Heasgarnich (Mid Perth).



World Distribution

European Arctic-montane element; also in N. America.

© K.J. Walker, BSBI

Broad Habitats

Light (Ellenberg): 8

Moisture (Ellenberg): 8

Reaction (Ellenberg): 7

Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 2


Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0

January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 0.4

July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 11.9

Annual Precipitation (mm): 2069

Life form information

Height (cm): 22

Perennation - primary


Life Form - primary




Clonality - primary

Rhizome shortly creeping

Comment on Clonality

"Biol. Flora J Ecol 91, 908-921 ""local pops of dense clones"""

Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 18

Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 0

Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 0

Atlas Change Index: -0.1

Distribution information

JNCC Designations


PLANTATT - Attributes of British and Irish plants. (.zip 1455KB) This dataset was compiled and published in 2004, and last updated in November 2008. Download includes an Excel spreadsheet of the attributes, and a PDF explaining the background and nomenclature. Note that the PDF version is the booklet as published, whereas the Excel spreadsheet incorporates subsequent corrections. A hardcopy can be purchased from the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology.

Atlas text references