Bellis perennis

Tracheophyta MagnoliopsidaAsteraceaeBellisBellis perennis


A rosette-forming, winter-green, shortly stoloniferous perennial which grows in mown or heavily grazed or trampled grassland. It occurs in practically all types of neutral and calcareous grassland but it does best in those that are relatively wet for at least part of the year. It is most familiar as a weed of lawns and recreational areas, roadside verges and pastures, but more natural habitats include stream banks, lake margins, dune-slacks and the margins of upland flushes. 0-915 m (Caenlochan, Angus).



World Distribution

European Temperate element; widely naturalised outside its native range.

Broad Habitats

Light (Ellenberg): 8

Moisture (Ellenberg): 5

Reaction (Ellenberg): 6

Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 4


Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0

January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 3.5

July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 14.5

Annual Precipitation (mm): 1105

Life form information

Height (cm): 8

Perennation - primary


Life Form - primary




Clonality - primary

Rhizome shortly creeping

Comment on Clonality

"regenerates by means of stolons to form patches (CPE); these are subterranean (MOH, personal observation)"

Distribution information

Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 2797

Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 984

Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 14

Atlas Change Index: 0.89

Weighted Changed Factor: -36

Weighted Change Factor Confidence (90%)


Distribution information

JNCC Designations


PLANTATT - Attributes of British and Irish plants. (.zip 1455KB) This dataset was compiled and published in 2004, and last updated in November 2008. Download includes an Excel spreadsheet of the attributes, and a PDF explaining the background and nomenclature. Note that the PDF version is the booklet as published, whereas the Excel spreadsheet incorporates subsequent corrections. A hardcopy can be purchased from the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology.

Atlas text references

Atlas (281d)
Grime JP, Hodgson JG, Hunt R
1988.  Comparative Plant Ecology.
Hultén E, Fries M
1986.  Atlas of north European vascular plants north of the Tropic of Cancer. 3 vols.
Meusel H, Jäger EJ
1992.  Vergleichende Chorologie der zentraleuropäischen Flora. Volume 3. 2 vols.