Campanula persicifolia

Tracheophyta MagnoliopsidaCampanulaceaeCampanulaCampanula persicifolia


A rhizomatous perennial herb found on waste ground, waysides and banks, and in hedgerows and woods. It is commonly cultivated, and occurs as a casual or, more frequently, as established and persistent populations. Lowland.



World Distribution

A European Temperate species, absent as a native from much of W. Europe.

Broad Habitats

Light (Ellenberg): 6

Moisture (Ellenberg): 5

Reaction (Ellenberg): 7

Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 6


Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0

January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 3.5

July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 15.5

Annual Precipitation (mm): 825

Life form information

Height (cm): 80

Perennation - primary


Life Form - primary




Clonality - primary

Rhizome shortly creeping

Distribution information

Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 369

Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 1

Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 1

Atlas Change Index: 2.8

Weighted Changed Factor: 76

Weighted Change Factor Confidence (90%)


Distribution information

JNCC Designations


PLANTATT - Attributes of British and Irish plants. (.zip 1455KB) This dataset was compiled and published in 2004, and last updated in November 2008. Download includes an Excel spreadsheet of the attributes, and a PDF explaining the background and nomenclature. Note that the PDF version is the booklet as published, whereas the Excel spreadsheet incorporates subsequent corrections. A hardcopy can be purchased from the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology.

Atlas text references