Carex echinata

Tracheophyta MagnoliopsidaCyperaceaeCarexCarex echinata


A perennial of seasonally or permanently waterlogged habitats on acidic to base-rich substrates. It is found in a wide range of mires, wet heaths, upland flushes and springs; also in rush-pastures, wet meadows, flushed grassland on hill-slopes and, rarely, in wet woodland rides. 0-1005 m (Macgillycuddy`s Reeks, S. Kerry).



World Distribution

European Boreo-temperate element; also in N. America.

© G. Toone, IWNHAS

Broad Habitats

Light (Ellenberg): 8

Moisture (Ellenberg): 8

Reaction (Ellenberg): 3

Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 2


Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0

January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 3.4

July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 14.1

Annual Precipitation (mm): 1207

Life form information

Height (cm): 40

Perennation - primary


Life Form - primary




Clonality - primary

Tussock-forming graminoid, may slowly spread

Distribution information

Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 2100

Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 783

Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 4

Atlas Change Index: -0.75

Weighted Changed Factor: -4

Weighted Change Factor Confidence (90%)


Distribution information

JNCC Designations


PLANTATT - Attributes of British and Irish plants. (.zip 1455KB) This dataset was compiled and published in 2004, and last updated in November 2008. Download includes an Excel spreadsheet of the attributes, and a PDF explaining the background and nomenclature. Note that the PDF version is the booklet as published, whereas the Excel spreadsheet incorporates subsequent corrections. A hardcopy can be purchased from the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology.