A monocarpic perennial herb, typically occurring in well-grazed grassland on dry, infertile calcareous or base-rich soils, but also in more open habitats, including dry rock ledges, screes, quarry floors, coastal cliffs and sand dunes. 0-455 m (Haweswater, Westmorland).
C. vulgaris was mapped as `all records` in the 1962 Atlas. A widespread decline has taken place, and analysis of the database reveals that most losses have occurred since 1950. Losses are partly due to habitat destruction and a lack of grazing. It has declined on dunes in Co. Down through their destruction and acidification.
Eurosiberian Temperate element.
Light (Ellenberg): 8
Moisture (Ellenberg): 4
Reaction (Ellenberg): 7
Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 2
Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0
January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 3.9
July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 15.3
Annual Precipitation (mm): 947
PLANTATT - Attributes of British and Irish plants. (.zip 1455KB) This dataset was compiled and published in 2004, and last updated in November 2008. Download includes an Excel spreadsheet of the attributes, and a PDF explaining the background and nomenclature. Note that the PDF version is the booklet as published, whereas the Excel spreadsheet incorporates subsequent corrections. A hardcopy can be purchased from the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology.
Atlas text references
1981. Biological causes of local rarity in Carlina vulgaris. The Biological Aspects of Rare Plant Conservation. :389-400.
1988. Comparative Plant Ecology.
1992. Stewart & Corry's Flora of the North-east of Ireland, edn 3.
1986. Atlas of north European vascular plants north of the Tropic of Cancer. 3 vols.
1992. Vergleichende Chorologie der zentraleuropäischen Flora. Volume 3. 2 vols.