Cichorium intybus

Tracheophyta MagnoliopsidaAsteraceaeCichoriumCichorium intybus


A perennial herb of roadsides, field margins and rough grassland on a wide range of soils. Lowland.



World Distribution

As an archaeophyte C. intybus has a Eurosiberian Southern-temperate distribution, but it is widely naturalised so that its distribution is now Circumpolar Southern-temperate.

© G. Toone, IWNHAS

Broad Habitats

Boundary and linear features (eg hedges, roadsides, walls)

Light (Ellenberg): 8

Moisture (Ellenberg): 4

Reaction (Ellenberg): 7

Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 5


Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0

January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 3.8

July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 15.5

Annual Precipitation (mm): 840

Life form information

Height (cm): 110

Perennation - primary


Life Form - primary




Clonality - primary

Little or no vegetative spread

Distribution information

Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 1312

Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 60

Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 10

Atlas Change Index: -1.27

Weighted Changed Factor: -39

Weighted Change Factor Confidence (90%)


Distribution information

JNCC Designations


PLANTATT - Attributes of British and Irish plants. (.zip 1455KB) This dataset was compiled and published in 2004, and last updated in November 2008. Download includes an Excel spreadsheet of the attributes, and a PDF explaining the background and nomenclature. Note that the PDF version is the booklet as published, whereas the Excel spreadsheet incorporates subsequent corrections. A hardcopy can be purchased from the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology.

Atlas text references