This morphologically variable winter-green annual is an early colonist of open ground, found in thin grassland, on road verges, lawns, spoil heaps, rocky banks and other open habitats. It is a poor competitor in closed vegetation. 0-445 m (Clun Forest, Salop).
The distribution of C. capillaris appears to be stable, but it may be increasing locally in man-made habitats.
European Temperate element; widely naturalised outside its native range.
Light (Ellenberg): 7
Moisture (Ellenberg): 4
Reaction (Ellenberg): 7
Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 4
Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0
January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 3.6
July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 14.6
Annual Precipitation (mm): 1074
Height (cm): 75
Perennation - primary
Perennation - secondary
Life Form - primary
Life Form - secondary
Comment on Life Form
Clonality - primary
PLANTATT - Attributes of British and Irish plants. (.zip 1455KB) This dataset was compiled and published in 2004, and last updated in November 2008. Download includes an Excel spreadsheet of the attributes, and a PDF explaining the background and nomenclature. Note that the PDF version is the booklet as published, whereas the Excel spreadsheet incorporates subsequent corrections. A hardcopy can be purchased from the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology.