Dactylorhiza incarnata

Tracheophyta MagnoliopsidaOrchidaceaeDactylorhizaDactylorhiza incarnata

Ecology

A tuberous perennial herb growing on damp or wet calcareous soils, in meadows, marshes, ditches, fens, flushes and dune-slacks, and also on more acidic soils in bogs and damp heaths. 0-610 m (Atholl, E. Perth, and Caenlochan, Angus).

Status

Native

World Distribution

Eurosiberian Boreo-temperate element.

© K.J. Walker, BSBI

Broad Habitats

Fen, marsh and swamp (not wooded)

Light (Ellenberg): 8

Moisture (Ellenberg): 9

Reaction (Ellenberg): 6

Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 2

0

Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0

January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 3.6

July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 14.4

Annual Precipitation (mm): 1127

Life form information

Height (cm): 45

Perennation - primary

Perennial

Life Form - primary

Non-bulbous geophyte (rhizome, corm or tuber)

Woodiness

Herbaceous

Clonality - primary

Little or no vegetative spread

Distribution information

Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 1189

Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 331

Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 3

Atlas Change Index: -0.33

Weighted Changed Factor: -31

Weighted Change Factor Confidence (90%)

38

Distribution information

JNCC Designations

NHMSYS0000457908

PLANTATT - Attributes of British and Irish plants. (.zip 1455KB) This dataset was compiled and published in 2004, and last updated in November 2008. Download includes an Excel spreadsheet of the attributes, and a PDF explaining the background and nomenclature. Note that the PDF version is the booklet as published, whereas the Excel spreadsheet incorporates subsequent corrections. A hardcopy can be purchased from the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology.

Atlas text references

Atlas (341b)
Allan B, Woods P
1993.  Wild orchids of Scotland.
Bateman RM, Denholm I
1985.  A reappraisal of the British and Irish dactylorchids, 2. The diploid marsh-orchids. Watsonia. 15:321-355.
Hultén E, Fries M
1986.  Atlas of north European vascular plants north of the Tropic of Cancer. 3 vols.
Jenkinson MN
1991.  Wild orchids of Dorset.
Sanford M
1991.  The orchids of Suffolk.
Sell P [D ], Murrell G
1996.  Flora of Great Britain and Ireland, 5. Butomaceae-Orchidaceae.