A tuberous perennial herb growing on damp or wet calcareous soils, in meadows, marshes, ditches, fens, flushes and dune-slacks, and also on more acidic soils in bogs and damp heaths. 0-610 m (Atholl, E. Perth, and Caenlochan, Angus).
D. incarnata was mapped as `all records` in the 1962 Atlas. It has declined due to drainage and agricultural improvement, and is often the first Dactylorhiza to be lost when a habitat begins to dry out. Six subspecies are recognised; all are mapped separately except subsp. gemmana, which is of uncertain status and has been neglected by recorders.
Eurosiberian Boreo-temperate element.
PLANTATT - Attributes of British and Irish plants. (.zip 1455KB) This dataset was compiled and published in 2004, and last updated in November 2008. Download includes an Excel spreadsheet of the attributes, and a PDF explaining the background and nomenclature. Note that the PDF version is the booklet as published, whereas the Excel spreadsheet incorporates subsequent corrections. A hardcopy can be purchased from the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology.
Atlas text references
1993. Wild orchids of Scotland.
1985. A reappraisal of the British and Irish dactylorchids, 2. The diploid marsh-orchids. Watsonia. 15:321-355.
1986. Atlas of north European vascular plants north of the Tropic of Cancer. 3 vols.
1991. Wild orchids of Dorset.
1991. The orchids of Suffolk.
1996. Flora of Great Britain and Ireland, 5. Butomaceae-Orchidaceae.