Daucus carota

Tracheophyta MagnoliopsidaApiaceaeDaucusDaucus carota


A biennial herb of fairly infertile, well-drained, often calcareous, soils. Habitats include disturbed or open turf on chalk downs, rough grassland on roadsides, waysides and railway banks, quarries, chalk- and gravel-pits, and waste ground. 0?400 m (Connor Hill, S. Kerry).



World Distribution

Eurosiberian Southern-temperate element, but widely naturalised so that distribution is now Circumpolar Southern-temperate.

© M. Cotterill, IWNHAS

Broad Habitats

Light (Ellenberg): 8

Moisture (Ellenberg): 4

Reaction (Ellenberg): 7

Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 3


Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 2

January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 4

July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 15

Annual Precipitation (mm): 989

Life form information

Height (cm): 100

Perennation - primary

Biennial, including monocarpic perennials

Life Form - primary




Clonality - primary

Little or no vegetative spread

Distribution information

Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 1845

Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 797

Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 14

Atlas Change Index: -0.59

Weighted Changed Factor: -20

Weighted Change Factor Confidence (90%)


Distribution information

JNCC Designations


PLANTATT - Attributes of British and Irish plants. (.zip 1455KB) This dataset was compiled and published in 2004, and last updated in November 2008. Download includes an Excel spreadsheet of the attributes, and a PDF explaining the background and nomenclature. Note that the PDF version is the booklet as published, whereas the Excel spreadsheet incorporates subsequent corrections. A hardcopy can be purchased from the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology.