Epilobium montanum

Tracheophyta MagnoliopsidaOnagraceaeEpilobiumEpilobium montanum

Ecology

A perennial herb growing in woods, hedge banks, gardens and waste ground, and sometimes on rock ledges or gullies, often in shade. It spreads by wind-borne seed. 0?790 m (Snowdon, Caerns.), with an exceptional record at 845 m on Great Dun Fell (Westmorland).

Status

Native

World Distribution

European Temperate element; also in C. and E. Asia.

© P. Shannon

Broad Habitats

Light (Ellenberg): 6

Moisture (Ellenberg): 6

Reaction (Ellenberg): 6

Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 6

0

Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0

January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 3.5

July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 14.5

Annual Precipitation (mm): 1091

Life form information

Height (cm): 75

Perennation - primary

Perennial

Life Form - primary

Hemicryptophyte

Woodiness

Herbaceous

Clonality - primary

Little or no vegetative spread

Distribution information

Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 2630

Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 894

Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 10

Atlas Change Index: -0.39

Weighted Changed Factor: -10

Weighted Change Factor Confidence (90%)

25

Distribution information

JNCC Designations

NBNSYS0000003546

PLANTATT - Attributes of British and Irish plants. (.zip 1455KB) This dataset was compiled and published in 2004, and last updated in November 2008. Download includes an Excel spreadsheet of the attributes, and a PDF explaining the background and nomenclature. Note that the PDF version is the booklet as published, whereas the Excel spreadsheet incorporates subsequent corrections. A hardcopy can be purchased from the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology.