Eranthis hyemalis

Tracheophyta MagnoliopsidaRanunculaceaeEranthisEranthis hyemalis


A small, tuberous perennial, dying back in summer. It is naturalised, sometimes in large numbers, in open woodland, grassland and scrub associated with habitation, under park trees, in gardens and on road verges. Lowland.



World Distribution

Native of S. Europe from Italy to Bulgaria, and of Turkey; widely naturalised in Europe outside its native range.

Broad Habitats

Light (Ellenberg): 3

Moisture (Ellenberg): 5

Reaction (Ellenberg): 7

Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 6


Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0

January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 3.4

July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 15.6

Annual Precipitation (mm): 716

Life form information

Height (cm): 15

Perennation - primary


Life Form - primary

Non-bulbous geophyte (rhizome, corm or tuber)



Clonality - primary

Little or no vegetative spread

Comment on Clonality

Corms may well disintegrate when old; would then have 31 as secondary

Distribution information

Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 614

Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 0

Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 0

Atlas Change Index: 1.59

Weighted Changed Factor: 49

Weighted Change Factor Confidence (90%)


Distribution information

JNCC Designations


PLANTATT - Attributes of British and Irish plants. (.zip 1455KB) This dataset was compiled and published in 2004, and last updated in November 2008. Download includes an Excel spreadsheet of the attributes, and a PDF explaining the background and nomenclature. Note that the PDF version is the booklet as published, whereas the Excel spreadsheet incorporates subsequent corrections. A hardcopy can be purchased from the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology.

Atlas text references

Atlas (18c)
Jalas & Suominen (1989)