Erica ciliaris

Tracheophyta MagnoliopsidaEricaceaeEricaErica ciliaris


This low shrub occurs on moist heathland, extending into relatively dry heath, and also into wet valley bogs, mainly on the drier hummocks. Seedlings establish on bare ground, but in closed habitats reproduction is usually vegetative. Generally lowland, but reaching 400 m on Dartmoor (S. Devon).



World Distribution

Oceanic Southern-temperate element.

Broad Habitats

Light (Ellenberg): 8

Moisture (Ellenberg): 7

Reaction (Ellenberg): 1

Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 1


Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0

January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 5.7

July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 15.9

Annual Precipitation (mm): 1011

Life form information

Height (cm): 60

Perennation - primary


Life Form - primary


Life Form - secondary


Comment on Life Form

dwarf shrub



Clonality - primary

Little or no vegetative spread

Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 19

Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 0

Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 0

Atlas Change Index: -0.11

Distribution information

JNCC Designations


PLANTATT - Attributes of British and Irish plants. (.zip 1455KB) This dataset was compiled and published in 2004, and last updated in November 2008. Download includes an Excel spreadsheet of the attributes, and a PDF explaining the background and nomenclature. Note that the PDF version is the booklet as published, whereas the Excel spreadsheet incorporates subsequent corrections. A hardcopy can be purchased from the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology.

Atlas text references

References: Atlas (194d)
Curtis TGF, McGough HN
1988.  The Irish Red Data Book. 1. Vascular Plants.
Edgington MJ
1999.  Erica ciliaris L. (Ericaceae) discovered in the Blackdown Hills, on the Somerset-Devon border (v.c. 3). Watsonia. 22:426-428.
Perring FH, Sell PD
1968.  Critical supplement to the Atlas of the British Flora.
Rose RJ, Bannister P, Chapman SB
1996.  Biological Flora of the British Isles. No. 192. Erica ciliaris L. Journal of Ecology. 84:617-628.
Wigginton MJ
1999.  British Red Data Books. 1. Vascular plants, edn 3.