Eryngium maritimum

Ecology

A glaucous, spiny perennial herb confined to coasts, occurring mainly on incipient and mobile sand dunes and occasionally on shingle. Lowland.

Status

Native

World Distribution

European Southern-temperate element.

Broad Habitats

Supralittoral sediment (strandlines, shingle, coastal dunes)

Light (Ellenberg): 9

Moisture (Ellenberg): 4

Reaction (Ellenberg): 6

Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 5

3

Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 3

January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 4.7

July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 15.2

Annual Precipitation (mm): 1010

Life form information

Height (cm): 60

Perennation - primary

Perennial

Life Form - primary

Hemicryptophyte

Woodiness

Herbaceous

Clonality - primary

Little or no vegetative spread

Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 291

Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 106

Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 11

Atlas Change Index: -0.8

Distribution information

JNCC Designations

NBNSYS0000003636

PLANTATT - Attributes of British and Irish plants. (.zip 1455KB) This dataset was compiled and published in 2004, and last updated in November 2008. Download includes an Excel spreadsheet of the attributes, and a PDF explaining the background and nomenclature. Note that the PDF version is the booklet as published, whereas the Excel spreadsheet incorporates subsequent corrections. A hardcopy can be purchased from the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology.

Atlas text references

Atlas (153d)
Atlas of north European vascular plants north of the Tropic of Cancer. 3 vols,
Hultén, E., and Fries M.
, Königstein, (1986)

Vergleichende Chorologie der zentraleuropäischen Flora. Volume 2. 2 vols,
Meusel, H., Jäger E., Rauschert S., and Weinert E.
, Jena, (1978)

Umbellifers of the British Isles. Botanical Society of the British Isles Handbook no. 2,
Tutin, T. G.
, London, (1980)