Eryngium maritimum

Tracheophyta MagnoliopsidaApiaceaeEryngiumEryngium maritimum


A glaucous, spiny perennial herb confined to coasts, occurring mainly on incipient and mobile sand dunes and occasionally on shingle. Lowland.



World Distribution

European Southern-temperate element.

Broad Habitats

Supralittoral sediment (strandlines, shingle, coastal dunes)

Light (Ellenberg): 9

Moisture (Ellenberg): 4

Reaction (Ellenberg): 6

Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 5


Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 3

January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 4.7

July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 15.2

Annual Precipitation (mm): 1010

Life form information

Height (cm): 60

Perennation - primary


Life Form - primary




Clonality - primary

Little or no vegetative spread

Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 291

Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 106

Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 11

Atlas Change Index: -0.8

Distribution information

JNCC Designations


PLANTATT - Attributes of British and Irish plants. (.zip 1455KB) This dataset was compiled and published in 2004, and last updated in November 2008. Download includes an Excel spreadsheet of the attributes, and a PDF explaining the background and nomenclature. Note that the PDF version is the booklet as published, whereas the Excel spreadsheet incorporates subsequent corrections. A hardcopy can be purchased from the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology.