Euphorbia amygdaloides

Tracheophyta MagnoliopsidaEuphorbiaceaeEuphorbiaEuphorbia amygdaloides


A rhizomatous perennial herb of neutral or acidic soils in old woods and shaded hedge banks, more rarely found amongst scrub and around rock outcrops. In woods it is a light-demanding plant which may re-appear from buried seed after coppicing. It is also cultivated as a garden plant, where it is persistent and can be very invasive. Generally lowland, reaching 455 m at Rhydymain (Merioneth).



World Distribution

European Temperate element.

Broad Habitats

Broadleaved, mixed and yew woodland

Light (Ellenberg): 4

Moisture (Ellenberg): 5

Reaction (Ellenberg): 6

Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 6


Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0

January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 4.1

July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 16.1

Annual Precipitation (mm): 827

Life form information

Height (cm): 70

Perennation - primary


Life Form - primary


Comment on Life Form

"similar behaviour to Helleborus foetidus; stems from base, flower in 2nd year."



Clonality - primary

Little or no vegetative spread

Distribution information

Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 704

Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 0

Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 9

Atlas Change Index: -0.22

Weighted Changed Factor: -27

Weighted Change Factor Confidence (90%)


Distribution information

JNCC Designations


PLANTATT - Attributes of British and Irish plants. (.zip 1455KB) This dataset was compiled and published in 2004, and last updated in November 2008. Download includes an Excel spreadsheet of the attributes, and a PDF explaining the background and nomenclature. Note that the PDF version is the booklet as published, whereas the Excel spreadsheet incorporates subsequent corrections. A hardcopy can be purchased from the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology.

Atlas text references

Atlas (173a)
Meusel H, Jäger E, Rauschert S, Weinert E
1978.  Vergleichende Chorologie der zentraleuropäischen Flora. Volume 2. 2 vols.
Rackham O
1980.  Ancient woodland: its history, vegetation and uses in England.