F. sylvatica is a large tree found on a wide variety of base-rich to acidic, free-draining soils. It grows in pure woodlands or as standard trees or pollards in wood pasture. It is widely planted outside its native range as woodland, in avenues and as hedges. 0-650 m S. of Garrigill (Cumberland).
Beech was a late colonist of Britain after the last glacial period; it is restricted as a native to S.E. England and S.E. Wales. The native range has never been precisely defined and all records are mapped as native regardless of status. Its overall range is stable.
European Temperate element.
PLANTATT - Attributes of British and Irish plants. (.zip 1455KB) This dataset was compiled and published in 2004, and last updated in November 2008. Download includes an Excel spreadsheet of the attributes, and a PDF explaining the background and nomenclature. Note that the PDF version is the booklet as published, whereas the Excel spreadsheet incorporates subsequent corrections. A hardcopy can be purchased from the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology.
Atlas text references
1953. Studies on British beechwoods. Forestry Commission Bulletin No. 20.
1988. Comparative Plant Ecology.
1986. Atlas of north European vascular plants north of the Tropic of Cancer. 3 vols.
Jalas & Suominen (1976)
1965. Vergleichende Chorologie der zentraleuropäischen Flora. Volume 1. 2 vols.
1980. Ancient woodland: its history, vegetation and uses in England.