Filago minima

Tracheophyta MagnoliopsidaAsteraceaeFilagoFilago minima


An annual of dry, open, infertile, acidic to neutral soils in a wide range of habitats, including arable fields, open grassland, quarries and mine spoil, woodland tracks, sandy heaths, sand-pits and dunes. 0-365 m (Rannoch, Mid Perth).



World Distribution

European Temperate element; it reaches its northern limit in Scotland.

Filago minima
© G. Toone, IWNHAS

Broad Habitats

Inland rock (quarries, cliffs, screes)

Light (Ellenberg): 8

Moisture (Ellenberg): 3

Reaction (Ellenberg): 4

Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 2


Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0

January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 3.6

July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 15.1

Annual Precipitation (mm): 904

Life form information

Height (cm): 20

Perennation - primary


Life Form - primary

Therophyte (annual land plant)



Clonality - primary

Little or no vegetative spread

Distribution information

Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 788

Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 105

Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 12

Atlas Change Index: -0.91

Weighted Changed Factor: 3

Weighted Change Factor Confidence (90%)


Distribution information

JNCC Designations


PLANTATT - Attributes of British and Irish plants. (.zip 1455KB) This dataset was compiled and published in 2004, and last updated in November 2008. Download includes an Excel spreadsheet of the attributes, and a PDF explaining the background and nomenclature. Note that the PDF version is the booklet as published, whereas the Excel spreadsheet incorporates subsequent corrections. A hardcopy can be purchased from the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology.

Atlas text references