Fragaria vesca

Tracheophyta MagnoliopsidaRosaceaeFragariaFragaria vesca


A perennial stoloniferous herb of dry, sometimes stony, soils in woodland and scrub, on hedge banks, railway banks and roadsides and on basic rock outcrops and screes in upland areas. It also colonises open ground in quarries and chalk-pits, and grows on walls. It reproduces by seed, and spreads by rooting stolons. 0-640 m (Atholl, E. Perth).



World Distribution

Eurosiberian Temperate element; also in N. America and widely naturalised outside its native range.

Broad Habitats

Light (Ellenberg): 6

Moisture (Ellenberg): 5

Reaction (Ellenberg): 6

Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 4


Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0

January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 3.5

July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 14.6

Annual Precipitation (mm): 1091

Life form information

Height (cm): 30

Perennation - primary


Life Form - primary




Clonality - primary

Far-creeping by stolons in illuminated medium

Distribution information

Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 2380

Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 819

Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 6

Atlas Change Index: -1.09

Weighted Changed Factor: -15

Weighted Change Factor Confidence (90%)


Distribution information

JNCC Designations


PLANTATT - Attributes of British and Irish plants. (.zip 1455KB) This dataset was compiled and published in 2004, and last updated in November 2008. Download includes an Excel spreadsheet of the attributes, and a PDF explaining the background and nomenclature. Note that the PDF version is the booklet as published, whereas the Excel spreadsheet incorporates subsequent corrections. A hardcopy can be purchased from the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology.

Atlas text references

Atlas (123d)
Grime JP, Hodgson JG, Hunt R
1988.  Comparative Plant Ecology.
Hultén E, Fries M
1986.  Atlas of north European vascular plants north of the Tropic of Cancer. 3 vols.
Meusel H, Jäger E, Weinert E
1965.  Vergleichende Chorologie der zentraleuropäischen Flora. Volume 1. 2 vols.
Roach FA
1985.  Cultivated fruits of Britain: their origin and history.