Geranium phaeum

Tracheophyta MagnoliopsidaGeraniaceaeGeraniumGeranium phaeum


This clump-forming perennial herb is well-naturalised on roadsides and railway banks, and in churchyards and wood-borders; it usually grows close to habitation as a garden escape or throw-out but is sometimes deliberately planted in the wild. It favours shaded situations and moist, fertile soils. Lowland.



World Distribution

Native of the mountains of C. & S. Europe.

Broad Habitats

Light (Ellenberg): 6

Moisture (Ellenberg): 5

Reaction (Ellenberg): 6

Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 5


Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0

January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 3.5

July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 15.2

Annual Precipitation (mm): 931

Life form information

Height (cm): 80

Perennation - primary


Life Form - primary




Clonality - primary

Little or no vegetative spread

Clonality - secondary

Rhizome shortly creeping

Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 578

Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 53

Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 0

Atlas Change Index: -0.67

Distribution information

JNCC Designations


PLANTATT - Attributes of British and Irish plants. (.zip 1455KB) This dataset was compiled and published in 2004, and last updated in November 2008. Download includes an Excel spreadsheet of the attributes, and a PDF explaining the background and nomenclature. Note that the PDF version is the booklet as published, whereas the Excel spreadsheet incorporates subsequent corrections. A hardcopy can be purchased from the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology.