A large biennial herb found naturalised on waste ground. Reproduction is by seed. Lowland.
This species was first cultivated in Britain in 1778 but is still rare in gardens. It was recorded from the wild in the 1930s (Isle of Man) and has been known on Guernsey since 1968.
Native of Madeira.
PLANTATT - Attributes of British and Irish plants. (.zip 1455KB) This dataset was compiled and published in 2004, and last updated in November 2008. Download includes an Excel spreadsheet of the attributes, and a PDF explaining the background and nomenclature. Note that the PDF version is the booklet as published, whereas the Excel spreadsheet incorporates subsequent corrections. A hardcopy can be purchased from the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology.