A carpet-forming stoloniferous perennial herb of woods, grassland, hedgerows and waste places, usually on fertile soils. It usually spreads vegetatively by rapid growth of its creeping stems, and seed-set is often very low. 0-465 m (Hawkswick Clowder, Mid-W. Yorks.).
Although there is no evidence for a major change in distribution at the national scale, G. hederacea is apparently increasing within lowland woods, particularly in S.E. England, where excessive deer grazing has led to a decline in more palatable woodland ground-flora species (Cooke, 1994).
Eurasian Boreo-temperate element, but naturalised in N. America so distribution is now Circumpolar Boreo-temperate.
PLANTATT - Attributes of British and Irish plants. (.zip 1455KB) This dataset was compiled and published in 2004, and last updated in November 2008. Download includes an Excel spreadsheet of the attributes, and a PDF explaining the background and nomenclature. Note that the PDF version is the booklet as published, whereas the Excel spreadsheet incorporates subsequent corrections. A hardcopy can be purchased from the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology.
Atlas text references
1988. Comparative Plant Ecology.
1986. Atlas of north European vascular plants north of the Tropic of Cancer. 3 vols.
Hutchins & Price (1999)
1978. Vergleichende Chorologie der zentraleuropäischen Flora. Volume 2. 2 vols.