A bulbous perennial herb occurring, sometimes abundantly, in a wide variety of deciduous woodlands, in hedgerows, on shady banks and, especially in western and upland areas, in meadows, under Pteridium and on cliffs. It also occurs as a naturalised garden escape. It is sensitive to long-term grazing. Generally lowland, but reaching 685 m on Craig-yr-Ysfa (Caerns.).
The overall distribution of H. non-scripta is stable and it remains abundant in suitable habitats throughout its range. A very few populations (e.g. in Norfolk) have been damaged recently by large-scale commercial collection.
Oceanic Temperate element.
PLANTATT - Attributes of British and Irish plants. (.zip 1455KB) This dataset was compiled and published in 2004, and last updated in November 2008. Download includes an Excel spreadsheet of the attributes, and a PDF explaining the background and nomenclature. Note that the PDF version is the booklet as published, whereas the Excel spreadsheet incorporates subsequent corrections. A hardcopy can be purchased from the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology.
Atlas text references
Atlas (316c) Biological Flora of the British Isles. No. 45. Endymion non-scriptus (L.) Garcke,
, Journal of Ecology, Volume 42, p.629-638, (1954)
La flore atlantique européenne. Documents pour les cartes des productions végétales serie Europe-Atlantique, vol. 1,
, Toulouse, (1962)
Comparative Plant Ecology,
, London, (1988)
Vergleichende Chorologie der zentraleuropäischen Flora. Volume 1. 2 vols,
, Jena, (1965)
Ancient woodland: its history, vegetation and uses in England,
, London, (1980)