Hypochaeris radicata

Tracheophyta MagnoliopsidaAsteraceaeHypochaerisHypochaeris radicata


A perennial herb of meadows, pastures, lawns, heathland, cliff-tops, sand dunes, roadsides, railway banks and waste ground, on slightly acidic, usually free-draining soils. It is very tolerant of drought, and is absent from sites subject to prolonged waterlogging. 0-530 m (S. of Garrigill, Cumberland), and to 610 m on Macgillycuddy`s Reeks (S. Kerry).



World Distribution

European Southern-temperate element; widely naturalised outside its native range.

Broad Habitats

Neutral grassland (includes coarse Arrhenatherum grassland)

Light (Ellenberg): 8

Moisture (Ellenberg): 4

Reaction (Ellenberg): 5

Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 3


Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0

January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 3.5

July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 14.5

Annual Precipitation (mm): 1104

Life form information

Height (cm): 60

Perennation - primary


Life Form - primary




Clonality - primary

Little or no vegetative spread

Distribution information

Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 2725

Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 977

Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 14

Atlas Change Index: 0.61

Weighted Changed Factor: 14

Weighted Change Factor Confidence (90%)


Distribution information

JNCC Designations


PLANTATT - Attributes of British and Irish plants. (.zip 1455KB) This dataset was compiled and published in 2004, and last updated in November 2008. Download includes an Excel spreadsheet of the attributes, and a PDF explaining the background and nomenclature. Note that the PDF version is the booklet as published, whereas the Excel spreadsheet incorporates subsequent corrections. A hardcopy can be purchased from the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology.

Atlas text references

Atlas (293d) Aarssen LW
1981.  The biology of Canadian weeds. 50. Hypochoeris radicata L. Canadian Journal of Plant Science. 61:365-381. Grime JP, Hodgson JG, Hunt R
1988.  Comparative Plant Ecology. Hultén E, Fries M
1986.  Atlas of north European vascular plants north of the Tropic of Cancer. 3 vols. Meusel H, Jäger EJ
1992.  Vergleichende Chorologie der zentraleuropäischen Flora. Volume 3. 2 vols. Scott W, Palmer R
1987.  The flowering plants and ferns of the Shetland Islands. Turkington R, Aarssen LW
1983.  Biological Flora of the British Isles. No. 156. Hypochoeris radicata L. Journal of Ecology. 71:999-1022.