A perennial herb of meadows, pastures, lawns, heathland, cliff-tops, sand dunes, roadsides, railway banks and waste ground, on slightly acidic, usually free-draining soils. It is very tolerant of drought, and is absent from sites subject to prolonged waterlogging. 0-530 m (S. of Garrigill, Cumberland), and to 610 m on Macgillycuddy`s Reeks (S. Kerry).
There has been no discernible change in the range of H. radicata since the 1962 Atlas. It was first recorded in Shetland in 1889.
European Southern-temperate element; widely naturalised outside its native range.
Light (Ellenberg): 8
Moisture (Ellenberg): 4
Reaction (Ellenberg): 5
Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 3
Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0
January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 3.5
July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 14.5
Annual Precipitation (mm): 1104
PLANTATT - Attributes of British and Irish plants. (.zip 1455KB) This dataset was compiled and published in 2004, and last updated in November 2008. Download includes an Excel spreadsheet of the attributes, and a PDF explaining the background and nomenclature. Note that the PDF version is the booklet as published, whereas the Excel spreadsheet incorporates subsequent corrections. A hardcopy can be purchased from the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology.
Atlas text references
1981. The biology of Canadian weeds. 50. Hypochoeris radicata L. Canadian Journal of Plant Science. 61:365-381. .
1988. Comparative Plant Ecology. .
1986. Atlas of north European vascular plants north of the Tropic of Cancer. 3 vols. .
1992. Vergleichende Chorologie der zentraleuropäischen Flora. Volume 3. 2 vols. .
1987. The flowering plants and ferns of the Shetland Islands. .
1983. Biological Flora of the British Isles. No. 156. Hypochoeris radicata L. Journal of Ecology. 71:999-1022.