An evergreen shrub of deciduous woodlands, especially those on acidic soils in which Fagus and Quercus predominate; often a frequent or locally dominant undershrub but rarely dominating the canopy. Its susceptibility to browsing can limit regeneration. It is also found in wood-pasture, scrub and hedgerows, and on ledges of acidic cliffs, and is often planted in amenity areas and parkland. 0?600 m (Eel Crags, Cumberland).
Widespread planting has completely obscured the native distribution of this species and all records are mapped as if they are native. There is little change in its overall distribution since the 1962 Atlas.
Suboceanic Southern-temperate element.
PLANTATT - Attributes of British and Irish plants. (.zip 1455KB) This dataset was compiled and published in 2004, and last updated in November 2008. Download includes an Excel spreadsheet of the attributes, and a PDF explaining the background and nomenclature. Note that the PDF version is the booklet as published, whereas the Excel spreadsheet incorporates subsequent corrections. A hardcopy can be purchased from the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology.