Lamium purpureum

Tracheophyta MagnoliopsidaLamiaceaeLamiumLamium purpureum


This annual is a frequent colonist of fertile and disturbed soils, and is found in cultivated and waste ground, gardens, hedgerows, on roadside verges, along railways, around rock outcrops and in rough grassland. 0-610 m (Grasshill, Co. Durham).



World Distribution

As an archaeophyte L. purpureum has a European Temperate distribution; it is widely naturalised outside this range.

© M. Cotterill, IWNHAS

Broad Habitats

Light (Ellenberg): 6

Moisture (Ellenberg): 5

Reaction (Ellenberg): 7

Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 7


Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0

January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 3.6

July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 14.7

Annual Precipitation (mm): 1027

Life form information

Height (cm): 30

Perennation - primary


Life Form - primary

Therophyte (annual land plant)



Clonality - primary

Little or no vegetative spread

Distribution information

Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 2461

Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 738

Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 14

Atlas Change Index: -1.09

Weighted Changed Factor: -2

Weighted Change Factor Confidence (90%)


Distribution information

JNCC Designations


PLANTATT - Attributes of British and Irish plants. (.zip 1455KB) This dataset was compiled and published in 2004, and last updated in November 2008. Download includes an Excel spreadsheet of the attributes, and a PDF explaining the background and nomenclature. Note that the PDF version is the booklet as published, whereas the Excel spreadsheet incorporates subsequent corrections. A hardcopy can be purchased from the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology.

Atlas text references

Atlas (249b)
Grime JP, Hodgson JG, Hunt R
1988.  Comparative Plant Ecology.
Hultén E, Fries M
1986.  Atlas of north European vascular plants north of the Tropic of Cancer. 3 vols.