Larix decidua

Tracheophyta PinopsidaPinaceaeLarixLarix decidua


A deciduous tree of plantations, shelter-belts and parkland, grown in open situations, but not in very dry or waterlogged sites. It regenerates from seed freely, especially onto disturbed soil or rocky ground, and may become naturalised on crags. 0?660 m (S. of Garrigill, Westmorland).



World Distribution

Native to the Alps and Carpathians; widely planted elsewhere.

Broad Habitats

Light (Ellenberg): 7

Moisture (Ellenberg): 4

Reaction (Ellenberg): 6

Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 3


Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0

January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 3.3

July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 14.7

Annual Precipitation (mm): 1049

Life form information

Height (cm): 4600

Perennation - primary


Life Form - primary

Mega-, meso- and microphanerophyte



Clonality - primary

Little or no vegetative spread

Distribution information

Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 1940

Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 252

Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 2

Atlas Change Index: 2.91

Weighted Changed Factor: 22

Weighted Change Factor Confidence (90%)


Distribution information

JNCC Designations


PLANTATT - Attributes of British and Irish plants. (.zip 1455KB) This dataset was compiled and published in 2004, and last updated in November 2008. Download includes an Excel spreadsheet of the attributes, and a PDF explaining the background and nomenclature. Note that the PDF version is the booklet as published, whereas the Excel spreadsheet incorporates subsequent corrections. A hardcopy can be purchased from the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology.