Leucanthemum vulgare

Tracheophyta MagnoliopsidaAsteraceaeLeucanthemumLeucanthemum vulgare


A perennial herb found in many grassy habitats, especially meadows and pastures which are cut or moderately grazed, preferring well-drained, neutral to base-rich soils; also on coastal cliffs, stabilised dunes, waste ground, by railways and newly sown roadsides. It can quickly colonise open ground. 0-845 m (Great Dun Fell, Westmorland).



World Distribution

Eurosiberian Boreo-temperate element, but widely naturalised so that distribution is now Circumpolar Boreo-temperate.

Broad Habitats

Light (Ellenberg): 8

Moisture (Ellenberg): 4

Reaction (Ellenberg): 7

Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 4


Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0

January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 3.6

July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 14.6

Annual Precipitation (mm): 1074

Life form information

Height (cm): 75

Perennation - primary


Life Form - primary




Clonality - primary

Rhizome shortly creeping

Comment on Clonality

sometimes forms clones but often rather short-lived

Distribution information

Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 2532

Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 916

Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 13

Atlas Change Index: -1.14

Weighted Changed Factor: 6

Weighted Change Factor Confidence (90%)


Distribution information

JNCC Designations


PLANTATT - Attributes of British and Irish plants. (.zip 1455KB) This dataset was compiled and published in 2004, and last updated in November 2008. Download includes an Excel spreadsheet of the attributes, and a PDF explaining the background and nomenclature. Note that the PDF version is the booklet as published, whereas the Excel spreadsheet incorporates subsequent corrections. A hardcopy can be purchased from the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology.

Atlas text references

Atlas (284d)
Grime JP, Hodgson JG, Hunt R
1988.  Comparative Plant Ecology.
Howarth SE, Williams JT
1968.  Biological Flora of the British Isles. No. 110. Chrysanthemum leucanthemum L. Journal of Ecology. 56:585-595.
Hultén E, Fries M
1986.  Atlas of north European vascular plants north of the Tropic of Cancer. 3 vols.
Meusel H, Jäger EJ
1992.  Vergleichende Chorologie der zentraleuropäischen Flora. Volume 3. 2 vols.