Luzula campestris

Tracheophyta MagnoliopsidaJuncaceaeLuzulaLuzula campestris


An early-flowering, low-growing, tufted but shortly rhizomatous herb characteristic of short, unshaded, relatively infertile grassland. It is found in a range of grazed or mown, often trampled, grassy places, particularly pastures, meadows, grassy verges and lawns which are moderately acidic to slightly alkaline. Taller grassland, rocky ledges and slopes, and quarries and spoil heaps are also colonised. 0-1005 m (Carnedd Dafydd, Caerns.).



World Distribution

European Temperate element.

© P. Shannon

Broad Habitats

Neutral grassland (includes coarse Arrhenatherum grassland)

Light (Ellenberg): 7

Moisture (Ellenberg): 4

Reaction (Ellenberg): 5

Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 2


Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0

January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 3.5

July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 14.5

Annual Precipitation (mm): 1100

Life form information

Height (cm): 15

Perennation - primary


Life Form - primary




Clonality - primary

Rhizome far-creeping

Distribution information

Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 2725

Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 835

Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 14

Atlas Change Index: -0.18

Weighted Changed Factor: -9

Weighted Change Factor Confidence (90%)


Distribution information

JNCC Designations


PLANTATT - Attributes of British and Irish plants. (.zip 1455KB) This dataset was compiled and published in 2004, and last updated in November 2008. Download includes an Excel spreadsheet of the attributes, and a PDF explaining the background and nomenclature. Note that the PDF version is the booklet as published, whereas the Excel spreadsheet incorporates subsequent corrections. A hardcopy can be purchased from the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology.

Atlas text references

Atlas (324c)
Grime JP, Hodgson JG, Hunt R
1988.  Comparative Plant Ecology.
Hultén E, Fries M
1986.  Atlas of north European vascular plants north of the Tropic of Cancer. 3 vols.
Meusel H, Jäger E, Weinert E
1965.  Vergleichende Chorologie der zentraleuropäischen Flora. Volume 1. 2 vols.