An annual hemiparasite of woods, scrub, heaths and upland moorlands on well-drained, nutrient-poor acidic soils; more rarely in scrub, hedgerows and deciduous woodland on chalk and limestone. The large seeds are distributed by ants. Lowland to 960 m (Macgillycuddy`s Reeks, S. Kerry).
M. pratense was mapped as `all records` in the 1962 Atlas. Many of the losses apparent on the map occurred before 1930, but the decline has accelerated since then. This is probably due to habitat loss and the cessation of traditional woodland management.
Eurosiberian Boreo-temperate element.
PLANTATT - Attributes of British and Irish plants. (.zip 1455KB) This dataset was compiled and published in 2004, and last updated in November 2008. Download includes an Excel spreadsheet of the attributes, and a PDF explaining the background and nomenclature. Note that the PDF version is the booklet as published, whereas the Excel spreadsheet incorporates subsequent corrections. A hardcopy can be purchased from the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology.