A long-lived shrub or small tree occasionally found in hedges or woods, and as a relic of cultivation. In Britain, regeneration from seed appears to be very rare, but vegetative spread by suckering has been recorded. Lowland.
M. germanica has been grown in Britain since 995 (Harvey, 1981) and was later much planted in gardens and orchards for its fruits. It has apparently been less often planted in recent years, but trends in its distribution are difficult to discern.
Native of S.W. Asia and perhaps S.E. Europe; widely naturalised in C. Europe.
Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 98
Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 1
Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 8
PLANTATT - Attributes of British and Irish plants. (.zip 1455KB) This dataset was compiled and published in 2004, and last updated in November 2008. Download includes an Excel spreadsheet of the attributes, and a PDF explaining the background and nomenclature. Note that the PDF version is the booklet as published, whereas the Excel spreadsheet incorporates subsequent corrections. A hardcopy can be purchased from the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology.
Atlas text references
1984. Flora dels Països Catalans, I. Introducció. Licopodiàcies-Capparàcies.
1997. Mespilus germanica in southern Britain. BSBI News. 75:49-50.
1985. Cultivated fruits of Britain: their origin and history.