Mespilus germanica

Tracheophyta MagnoliopsidaRosaceaeMespilusMespilus germanica


A long-lived shrub or small tree occasionally found in hedges or woods, and as a relic of cultivation. In Britain, regeneration from seed appears to be very rare, but vegetative spread by suckering has been recorded. Lowland.



World Distribution

Native of S.W. Asia and perhaps S.E. Europe; widely naturalised in C. Europe.

Broad Habitats

Light (Ellenberg): 6

Moisture (Ellenberg): 4

Reaction (Ellenberg): 6

Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 6


Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0

January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 4.4

July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 16.1

Annual Precipitation (mm): 861

Life form information

Height (cm): 900

Perennation - primary


Life Form - primary

Mega-, meso- and microphanerophyte



Clonality - primary

Little or no vegetative spread

Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 98

Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 1

Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 8

Distribution information

JNCC Designations


PLANTATT - Attributes of British and Irish plants. (.zip 1455KB) This dataset was compiled and published in 2004, and last updated in November 2008. Download includes an Excel spreadsheet of the attributes, and a PDF explaining the background and nomenclature. Note that the PDF version is the booklet as published, whereas the Excel spreadsheet incorporates subsequent corrections. A hardcopy can be purchased from the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology.

Atlas text references