Moneses uniflora

Tracheophyta MagnoliopsidaPyrolaceaeMonesesMoneses uniflora


A mycorrhizal, evergreen perennial herb, spreading by rhizomes within leaf litter and bryophytes in ericaceous dwarf shrub communities of old pine plantations, rarely now in native Pinus sylvestris forests. The solitary flower is insect-pollinated, but recruitment from seed is rare and most propagation is vegetative. Lowland, reaching 300 m (Castle Grant, Moray).



World Distribution

Circumpolar Boreal-montane element.

Broad Habitats

Coniferous woodland

Light (Ellenberg): 4

Moisture (Ellenberg): 5

Reaction (Ellenberg): 4

Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 1


Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0

January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 2

July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 13

Annual Precipitation (mm): 985

Life form information

Height (cm): 4

Perennation - primary


Life Form - primary


Comment on Life Form

It seems best to classify it as a wintergreen hemicryptophyte; the basic structure is a basal rosette



Clonality - primary

Rhizome shortly creeping

Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 27

Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 0

Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 0

Atlas Change Index: 0.14

Distribution information

Plantatt Conservation Status


JNCC Designations


PLANTATT - Attributes of British and Irish plants. (.zip 1455KB) This dataset was compiled and published in 2004, and last updated in November 2008. Download includes an Excel spreadsheet of the attributes, and a PDF explaining the background and nomenclature. Note that the PDF version is the booklet as published, whereas the Excel spreadsheet incorporates subsequent corrections. A hardcopy can be purchased from the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology.

Atlas text references