An evergreen tree of plantations and shelter-belts, grown in a wide variety of soils but not suited to deep peat, dry soils and exposed situations. It seeds freely, and natural regeneration occurs in open ground, in clear-felled areas and on heathland. Generally lowland, but upper altitudinal limit unknown.
P. abies, native to Britain in previous interglacials, has been cultivated in gardens since 995 (Harvey, 1981) and was recorded in the wild by 1927. Although less popular than P. sitchensis, it is still much planted for timber, pulping and Christmas trees.
A Eurasian Boreal-montane species; absent as a native from W. Europe.
PLANTATT - Attributes of British and Irish plants. (.zip 1455KB) This dataset was compiled and published in 2004, and last updated in November 2008. Download includes an Excel spreadsheet of the attributes, and a PDF explaining the background and nomenclature. Note that the PDF version is the booklet as published, whereas the Excel spreadsheet incorporates subsequent corrections. A hardcopy can be purchased from the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology.
Atlas text references
1975. The history of the British Flora, edn 2.
1986. Atlas of north European vascular plants north of the Tropic of Cancer. 3 vols.
Jalas & Suominen (1973)
1982. The Forester's Companion.
1965. Vergleichende Chorologie der zentraleuropäischen Flora. Volume 1. 2 vols.
1972. Conifers in the British Isles. A descriptive handbook.