A suckering, deciduous shrub found planted or as a garden escape or throw-out in hedgerows and on sand dunes, sea-cliffs, road verges and waste ground; also occurring as a relic of cultivation. It is often well-naturalised, forming large thickets. Lowland.
R. rugosa was introduced into cultivation in 1796, but was not successfully grown until its re-introduction in 1845. It is very common in gardens, parks and amenity plantings, and was first recorded in the wild in 1927 (Cumberland). Its distribution is increasing, but the significant increase in records since it was mapped by Graham & Primavesi (1993) is probably due to better recording.
Native of E. Asia, widely naturalised in N. & C. Europe and has spread around the Baltic by sea-dispersed fruits.
PLANTATT - Attributes of British and Irish plants. (.zip 1455KB) This dataset was compiled and published in 2004, and last updated in November 2008. Download includes an Excel spreadsheet of the attributes, and a PDF explaining the background and nomenclature. Note that the PDF version is the booklet as published, whereas the Excel spreadsheet incorporates subsequent corrections. A hardcopy can be purchased from the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology.