Rubus caesius

Tracheophyta MagnoliopsidaRosaceaeRubusRubus caesius


A deciduous shrub of hedges, woodland borders and rides, scrub, dry grassland and semi-stable dunes, mainly on basic soils; also in fen carr. 0-320 m (Alston, Cumberland).



World Distribution

Eurosiberian Temperate element; widely naturalised outside its native range.

© Shannon, P

Broad Habitats

Boundary and linear features (eg hedges, roadsides, walls)

Light (Ellenberg): 7

Moisture (Ellenberg): 7

Reaction (Ellenberg): 7

Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 6


Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0

January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 3.8

July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 15.6

Annual Precipitation (mm): 851

Life form information

Height (cm): 50

Perennation - primary


Life Form - primary


Life Form - secondary




Clonality - primary

Tip rooting (the stems often turn downwards)

Distribution information

Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 1339

Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 166

Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 5

Atlas Change Index: -0.34

Weighted Changed Factor: -6

Weighted Change Factor Confidence (90%)


Distribution information

JNCC Designations


PLANTATT - Attributes of British and Irish plants. (.zip 1455KB) This dataset was compiled and published in 2004, and last updated in November 2008. Download includes an Excel spreadsheet of the attributes, and a PDF explaining the background and nomenclature. Note that the PDF version is the booklet as published, whereas the Excel spreadsheet incorporates subsequent corrections. A hardcopy can be purchased from the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology.

Atlas text references

Atlas (120a)
Edees ES, Newton A
1988.  Brambles of the British Isles.
Hultén E, Fries M
1986.  Atlas of north European vascular plants north of the Tropic of Cancer. 3 vols.
Meusel H, Jäger E, Weinert E
1965.  Vergleichende Chorologie der zentraleuropäischen Flora. Volume 1. 2 vols.