A tall shrub or small tree which is most frequent as an ornamental, being planted for amenity in parks and landscaped areas, but sometimes found naturalised in wild places. Lowland.
This species was introduced into cultivation in Britain in about 1829, and was known from the wild by at least 1905. It is usually planted for its violet-brown twigs which have a dense white bloom. It is certainly increasing as an amenity tree.
Native of Europe (Scandinavia, Baltic States, Alps and Carpathians).
PLANTATT - Attributes of British and Irish plants. (.zip 1455KB) This dataset was compiled and published in 2004, and last updated in November 2008. Download includes an Excel spreadsheet of the attributes, and a PDF explaining the background and nomenclature. Note that the PDF version is the booklet as published, whereas the Excel spreadsheet incorporates subsequent corrections. A hardcopy can be purchased from the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology.
Atlas text references
1980. Trees and shrubs hardy in the British Isles, edn 8, IV. Ri-Z.
1990. Willows. A Guide to Some Difficult Plants. :28-40.
1986. Atlas of north European vascular plants north of the Tropic of Cancer. 3 vols.
Jalas & Suominen (1976)
1984. Willows and poplars of Great Britain and Ireland. Botanical Society of the British Isles Handbook no. 4.
1992. Ornamental uses of willow in Britain. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Edinburgh. 98B:183-192.