Salix phylicifolia

Tracheophyta MagnoliopsidaSalicaceaeSalixSalix phylicifolia


A much-branched shrub or small tree which grows by ponds, streams and rivers, and in damp rocky places, preferring base-rich soils and sometimes associated with Carboniferous limestone. In Ireland it is a montane species. From near sea-level to 685 m at Catstycam (Westmorland).



World Distribution

Circumpolar Boreo-arctic Montane element.

Broad Habitats

Light (Ellenberg): 7

Moisture (Ellenberg): 8

Reaction (Ellenberg): 5

Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 4


Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0

January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 1.7

July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 12.7

Annual Precipitation (mm): 1412

Life form information

Height (cm): 400

Perennation - primary


Life Form - primary

Mega-, meso- and microphanerophyte

Life Form - secondary




Clonality - primary

Little or no vegetative spread

Distribution information

Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 456

Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 7

Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 0

Atlas Change Index: -0.14

Weighted Changed Factor: 15

Weighted Change Factor Confidence (90%)


Distribution information

JNCC Designations


PLANTATT - Attributes of British and Irish plants. (.zip 1455KB) This dataset was compiled and published in 2004, and last updated in November 2008. Download includes an Excel spreadsheet of the attributes, and a PDF explaining the background and nomenclature. Note that the PDF version is the booklet as published, whereas the Excel spreadsheet incorporates subsequent corrections. A hardcopy can be purchased from the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology.

Atlas text references

Atlas (190b)
Curtis TGF, McGough HN
1988.  The Irish Red Data Book. 1. Vascular Plants.
Hultén E, Fries M
1986.  Atlas of north European vascular plants north of the Tropic of Cancer. 3 vols.
Jalas & Suominen (1976)
Mardon DK
1990.  Conservation of montane willow scrub in Scotland. Transactions of the Botanical Society of Edinburgh. 45:427-436.
Meikle (1984
Synnott DM
1983.  Notes on Salix phylicifolia L. and related Irish willows. Glasra. 7:1-10.