A perennial herb of neutral grassland, occurring on alluvial or peaty soils in damp or dry, unimproved pastures, hay meadows and marshy meadows, on river banks and lake shores and in base-enriched flushes on grassy heaths. 0-460 m near Cauldron Snout, Teesdale (Westmorland).
Whilst the range of S. officinalis remains the same as in the 1962 Atlas, losses have occurred through the improvement of pastures.
Circumpolar Boreo-temperate element, but absent as a native from eastern N. America; widely naturalised outside its native range.
Light (Ellenberg): 7
Moisture (Ellenberg): 7
Reaction (Ellenberg): 6
Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 5
Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0
January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 3.2
July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 15.1
Annual Precipitation (mm): 938
PLANTATT - Attributes of British and Irish plants. (.zip 1455KB) This dataset was compiled and published in 2004, and last updated in November 2008. Download includes an Excel spreadsheet of the attributes, and a PDF explaining the background and nomenclature. Note that the PDF version is the booklet as published, whereas the Excel spreadsheet incorporates subsequent corrections. A hardcopy can be purchased from the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology.
Atlas text references
The Irish Red Data Book. 1. Vascular Plants,
, Dublin, (1988)
Atlas of north European vascular plants north of the Tropic of Cancer. 3 vols,
, Königstein, (1986)
Vergleichende Chorologie der zentraleuropäischen Flora. Volume 1. 2 vols,
, Jena, (1965)