A bulbous perennial herb naturalised on river banks, in churchyards, in open woodland and on grassy banks. It originates as a garden escape or from deliberate planting, and also occurs as a relic of cultivation. Lowland.
S. bithynica was being cultivated in British gardens by 1920 and is now quite commonly grown. It was first recorded in the wild in 1985 (E. Lothian), and was recorded in a long-derelict garden in S. Essex in 1989 and by a river in W. Kent in 1990.
Native of Bulgaria and N. Turkey.
PLANTATT - Attributes of British and Irish plants. (.zip 1455KB) This dataset was compiled and published in 2004, and last updated in November 2008. Download includes an Excel spreadsheet of the attributes, and a PDF explaining the background and nomenclature. Note that the PDF version is the booklet as published, whereas the Excel spreadsheet incorporates subsequent corrections. A hardcopy can be purchased from the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology.