Silene dioica

Tracheophyta MagnoliopsidaCaryophyllaceaeSileneSilene dioica


A short-lived perennial herb that is most prominent in lightly shaded habitats such as hedgerows, coppices, and woodland clearings and rides. It can, however, survive in deep shade in a non-flowering form. It also occurs in coastal habitats, including sheltered cliff-top grassland and scrub, rock crevices, sea-bird rocks and stabilised shingle, and is also found on montane screes and cliffs. 0 - 1065 m (Lochnagar, S. Aberdeen).



World Distribution

European Boreo-temperate element; also in C. Asia.

© M. Cotterill, IWNHAS

Broad Habitats

Broadleaved, mixed and yew woodland

Light (Ellenberg): 5

Moisture (Ellenberg): 6

Reaction (Ellenberg): 6

Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 7


Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0

January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 3.4

July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 14.6

Annual Precipitation (mm): 1065

Life form information

Height (cm): 90

Perennation - primary


Life Form - primary


Life Form - secondary


Comment on Life Form

"basically hemicryptophyte; basal rosette is dominant, at least to begin with"



Clonality - primary

Little or no vegetative spread

Distribution information

Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 2514

Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 263

Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 14

Atlas Change Index: -0.44

Weighted Changed Factor: -4

Weighted Change Factor Confidence (90%)


Distribution information

JNCC Designations


External Species Accounts

PLANTATT - Attributes of British and Irish plants. (.zip 1455KB) This dataset was compiled and published in 2004, and last updated in November 2008. Download includes an Excel spreadsheet of the attributes, and a PDF explaining the background and nomenclature. Note that the PDF version is the booklet as published, whereas the Excel spreadsheet incorporates subsequent corrections. A hardcopy can be purchased from the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology.