S. vulgaris is a perennial herb found in a wide range of soils in open and grassy habitats, including cultivated and abandoned arable fields, rough pasture, roadside verges, quarries, gravel-pits, railway banks, walls and waste places. It is able to tolerate partial shade and may grow in open woodland and on hedge banks. 0-360 m (Shap Summit, Westmorland).
The map suggests an appreciable decline in the frequency of S. vulgaris since the 1962 Atlas.
Eurasian Southern-temperate element, but naturalised in N. America so distribution is now Circumpolar Southern-temperate.
PLANTATT - Attributes of British and Irish plants. (.zip 1455KB) This dataset was compiled and published in 2004, and last updated in November 2008. Download includes an Excel spreadsheet of the attributes, and a PDF explaining the background and nomenclature. Note that the PDF version is the booklet as published, whereas the Excel spreadsheet incorporates subsequent corrections. A hardcopy can be purchased from the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology.