Solanum tuberosum

Tracheophyta MagnoliopsidaSolanaceaeSolanumSolanum tuberosum


A rhizomatous perennial herb of cultivated and waste land, rubbish tips and on coastal sand and shingle where domestic waste has been dumped. In disturbed habitats it is usually casual, but the production of tubers allows some populations in more stable sites to become established. Lowland.



World Distribution

Native of S. America.

Broad Habitats

Arable and horticultural (includes orchards, excludes domestic gardens)

Light (Ellenberg): 7

Moisture (Ellenberg): 4

Reaction (Ellenberg): 6

Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 7


Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0

January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 3.9

July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 15.4

Annual Precipitation (mm): 883

Life form information

Height (cm): 100

Perennation - primary


Life Form - primary

Non-bulbous geophyte (rhizome, corm or tuber)



Clonality - primary

Rhizome shortly creeping

Distribution information

Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 625

Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 56

Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 5

Weighted Changed Factor: 94

Weighted Change Factor Confidence (90%)


Distribution information

JNCC Designations


PLANTATT - Attributes of British and Irish plants. (.zip 1455KB) This dataset was compiled and published in 2004, and last updated in November 2008. Download includes an Excel spreadsheet of the attributes, and a PDF explaining the background and nomenclature. Note that the PDF version is the booklet as published, whereas the Excel spreadsheet incorporates subsequent corrections. A hardcopy can be purchased from the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology.

Atlas text references

de Bolòs O, Vigo J
1995.  Flora dels Països Catalans, III. Pirolàcies-Compostes.
Hawkes JG
1990.  The potato: evolution, biodiversity and genetic resources, edn 3.
Jackson MT
1986.  Exploited plants. The potato. Biologist. 33:161-167.
Phillips R, Rix M
1993.  Vegetables.