Symphoricarpos albus

Tracheophyta MagnoliopsidaCaprifoliaceaeSymphoricarposSymphoricarpos albus


A bushy rhizomatous shrub widely naturalised in woodland, scrub, hedgerows and on waste ground; also formerly quite widely planted as cover for game in woodland. It reproduces by suckering and fruits freely, but rarely regenerates from seed. It spreads very slowly; dense thickets are normally the result of close initial planting. 0-385 m (Forest-in-Teesdale, Co. Durham).



World Distribution

Native of N. America; the plant naturalised here is the western var. laevigatus.

Broad Habitats

Light (Ellenberg): 5

Moisture (Ellenberg): 5

Reaction (Ellenberg): 6

Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 7


Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0

January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 3.6

July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 14.9

Annual Precipitation (mm): 992

Life form information

Height (cm): 200

Perennation - primary


Life Form - primary




Clonality - primary

Rhizome far-creeping

Distribution information

Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 2067

Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 744

Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 4

Atlas Change Index: 1.74

Weighted Changed Factor: 22

Weighted Change Factor Confidence (90%)


Distribution information

JNCC Designations


PLANTATT - Attributes of British and Irish plants. (.zip 1455KB) This dataset was compiled and published in 2004, and last updated in November 2008. Download includes an Excel spreadsheet of the attributes, and a PDF explaining the background and nomenclature. Note that the PDF version is the booklet as published, whereas the Excel spreadsheet incorporates subsequent corrections. A hardcopy can be purchased from the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology.

Atlas text references