An annual of open rocky or sandy habitats, such as acidic heathlands, sea-cliffs and sand dunes; also on railway ballast and waste ground inland and in disturbed grassland and set-aside fields on light, sandy soils. Lowland.
T. arvense was mapped as `all records` in the 1962 Atlas. Analysis of the database reveals that the widespread decline in S.E. England has taken place since 1950.
Eurosiberian Southern-temperate element; widely naturalised outside its native range.
Light (Ellenberg): 9
Moisture (Ellenberg): 3
Reaction (Ellenberg): 5
Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 2
Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 1
January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 3.8
July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 15.5
Annual Precipitation (mm): 841
PLANTATT - Attributes of British and Irish plants. (.zip 1455KB) This dataset was compiled and published in 2004, and last updated in November 2008. Download includes an Excel spreadsheet of the attributes, and a PDF explaining the background and nomenclature. Note that the PDF version is the booklet as published, whereas the Excel spreadsheet incorporates subsequent corrections. A hardcopy can be purchased from the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology.