Trifolium hybridum

Tracheophyta MagnoliopsidaFabaceaeTrifoliumTrifolium hybridum


An annual of grassy banks, meadows, roadsides and waste places. It is a frequent, often unintentional, constituent of seed mixtures, but rarely persists once a closed sward has developed. Its persistence in some areas probably relies on repeated introductions. 0-350 m at Stainmore (Westmorland).



World Distribution

Native subspecies occur in S. Europe & S.W. Asia, especially in the mountains. Most of our plants are the cultivated subsp. hybridum, which is widely naturalised further north in Europe and elsewhere.

© Shannon, P

Broad Habitats

Light (Ellenberg): 7

Moisture (Ellenberg): 5

Reaction (Ellenberg): 7

Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 6


Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0

January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 3.5

July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 15

Annual Precipitation (mm): 943

Life form information

Height (cm): 60

Perennation - primary


Perennation - secondary


Life Form - primary


Life Form - secondary

Therophyte (annual land plant)



Clonality - primary

Little or no vegetative spread

Distribution information

Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 1940

Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 214

Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 11

Atlas Change Index: -0.48

Weighted Changed Factor: -49

Weighted Change Factor Confidence (90%)


Distribution information

JNCC Designations


PLANTATT - Attributes of British and Irish plants. (.zip 1455KB) This dataset was compiled and published in 2004, and last updated in November 2008. Download includes an Excel spreadsheet of the attributes, and a PDF explaining the background and nomenclature. Note that the PDF version is the booklet as published, whereas the Excel spreadsheet incorporates subsequent corrections. A hardcopy can be purchased from the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology.

Atlas text references