Triticum aestivum

Tracheophyta MagnoliopsidaPoaceaeTriticumTriticum aestivum


A self-pollinating annual which occurs as a casual in cereal fields and in all manner of waste places, both as a residue of crops and as a bird-seed alien. Lowland.



World Distribution

Not known as a wild plant; originated in cultivation and now grown in suitable climates throughout the world.

Broad Habitats

Light (Ellenberg): 8

Moisture (Ellenberg): 5

Reaction (Ellenberg): 7

Nitrogen (Ellenberg): 7


Salt Tolerance (Ellenberg): 0

January Mean Temperature (Celsius): 3.8

July Mean Temperature (Celsius): 15.6

Annual Precipitation (mm): 861

Life form information

Height (cm): 150

Perennation - primary


Life Form - primary

Therophyte (annual land plant)



Clonality - primary

Little or no vegetative spread

Distribution information

Count of 10km squares in Great Britain: 741

Count of 10km squares in Ireland: 59

Count of 10km squares in the Channel Isles: 4

Weighted Changed Factor: 96

Weighted Change Factor Confidence (90%)


Distribution information

JNCC Designations


PLANTATT - Attributes of British and Irish plants. (.zip 1455KB) This dataset was compiled and published in 2004, and last updated in November 2008. Download includes an Excel spreadsheet of the attributes, and a PDF explaining the background and nomenclature. Note that the PDF version is the booklet as published, whereas the Excel spreadsheet incorporates subsequent corrections. A hardcopy can be purchased from the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology.

Atlas text references

Lupton FGH
1985.  Exploited plants. Wheat. Biologist. 32:97-105.
Ryves TB, Clement EJ, Foster MC
1996.  Alien grasses of the British Isles.
Vaughan JG, Geissler CA
1997.  The new Oxford Book of Food Plants.
Zohary D, Hopf M
2000.  Domestication of plants in the Old World, edn 3.